Download Social Assistance in the New EU Member States: Strengthening by Dena Ringold;Leszek Kasek PDF
By Dena Ringold;Leszek Kasek
This research analyzes the functionality of social information and relatives gain courses in 8 new member states of the eu Union from the viewpoint of monetary effect and effectiveness. it really is in response to family survey facts for 6 nations, in addition to funds info and knowledge on software layout accumulated on the nationwide point. It reveals that, even if social advice courses within the new member states are small by way of assurance and expenditure degrees (reaching 2 to five percentage of the population), the courses are an immense defense internet for the negative. courses are rather good specific, with among 30 and 60 percentage of assets going to the poorest quintile of the inhabitants. when you obtain them, advantages could make up up to 37 percentage of typical intake of the terrible.
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Additional info for Social Assistance in the New EU Member States: Strengthening Performance and Labor Market Incentives (World Bank Working Papers)
However, this basic analysis only provides a partial picture as households may receive more than one beneﬁt, including social assistance, family benefits, short-term benefits, as well as social insurance if a household member is eligible, therefore aggregate benefit levels may create poverty traps. Variations in wage levels across regions may also create poverty traps in some geographic areas. Labor market participation can be encouraged by limiting the duration of benefits. While the EU8 countries have limitations on how long beneficiaries can receive benefits before reapplying (ranging from one to six months) none of the countries appear to enforce a fixed cut-off.
Family beneﬁt systems generally have two main objectives. First, because of declining fertility rates in the region, family beneﬁts have sought to encourage families to have children (Figure 8). 18 Second, family beneﬁts are viewed as an efﬁcient form of income support because of the close link between welfare and household size. Family beneﬁts are a complex mix of programs, including inherited programs from the socialist period as well as new beneﬁts and services. Like the EU15, each of the countries has a monthly child beneﬁt paid per child which comprises a large share of total spending on family beneﬁts.
The results focus on the six countries for which HBS data were available: Estonia, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia. Coverage: How Many People Receive Social Protection? Coverage of social protection is high in the EU8, with the majority of households receiving at least one benefit. In 2004 coverage ranged from 90 percent in Hungary to 62 percent in Lithuania (Figure 10). Coverage of social protection is progressive. The poor (deﬁned as the bottom quintile of the population) receive social protection at a higher rate, reaching nearly 100 percent of the population in Hungary in 2004.