Download Target Volume Delineation for Conformal and by Nancy Y. Lee, Nadeem Riaz, Jiade J. Lu PDF
By Nancy Y. Lee, Nadeem Riaz, Jiade J. Lu
This textbook is designed to assist the busy radiation oncologist to safely and optimistically delineate tumor volumes for conformal radiation treatment (including IMRT). The e-book presents an atlas of scientific objective volumes (CTVs) for more often than not encountered cancers, with every one bankruptcy illustrating CTV delineation on a slice-by-slice foundation, on making plans CT photos. universal anatomic editions for every tumor are represented in person illustrations, with annotations highlighting changes in assurance. The anatomy of every website and styles of lymphatic drainage are mentioned, and their impact at the layout of CTVs is defined intimately. usage of alternative imaging modalities, together with MRI, to delineate volumes is highlighted. Key info of simulation and making plans are in brief reviewed. even if the emphasis is on course quantity delineation for conformal strategies, info can also be supplied on traditional radiation box setup and layout whilst IMRT isn't really suitable.
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Additional resources for Target Volume Delineation for Conformal and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
3 Simulation and Daily Localization • The patient should be simulated in the supine position with the neck in slight hyperextension. A five-point mask should be utilized to immobilize the head, neck, and shoulders. For oral tongue cancers, a bite block Oral Cavity Cancer can be used during simulation and throughout the course of treatment to elevate the hard palate and decrease dose to the superior oral cavity. For cases in which the hard palate is target, a bite block can be employed to limit dose to the tongue and inferior oral cavity.
Genioglossus m. GTV70: base of tongue extension Mylohyoid m. GTV70: extension to vallecula, epiglottis Hyoglossus m. Pharyngeal constrictor m. Fig. 4: green) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma CTV54:coverage of ipsilateral pharynx to pterygoid plate 23 CTV54:coverage of ipsilateral soft palate CTV54:coverage of adjacent ipsilateral tongue base GTV70:well-lateralized primary lesion CTV54:spare ipsilateral level IB Isocentric match to unilateral LAN field. Fig. 6 Representative slices of target delineation in a patient with cT1N0 well-lateralized squamous cell carcinoma of the left tonsil.
A bite block was used at the time of simulation. The high-risk CTV66 is shown in red and includes the region where close margins were identified. The highrisk CTV60 is shown in green and covers the entire tongue and all postoperative changes, including the flap reconstruction. In the absence Z. Kohutek et al. Recurrence in level IA of bone invasion, the mandible can be excluded from the CTV60. Note that the region near the ipsilateral parotid gland is well covered. The highrisk CTV60 within the neck includes the ipsilateral levels I–V, including level IA.