Download The History of Medicine: Early Civilizations: Prehistoric by Kate Kelly PDF
By Kate Kelly
The tale of early drugs is one in every of magic and sorcery, faith and prayers, shamans and surgeons, and ingenuity and experimentation. This identify contains chapters akin to: Paleopathology - the examine of illness in Prehistoric occasions; What the Mummies demonstrate; Indian impact on drugs; and, scientific development in the course of the Roman Empire.
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While others who had preceded Ruffer by 60 years or so (the 1850s) had found rudimentary ways to separate tissue samples from mummies so that tendons, cartilages, nerves, muscles, and fat (continues) 46 Early Civilizations (continued) could all be studied, Ruffer developed a rehydration method that permitted the sectioning of the brittle tissues so that they could be stained and studied. ) Ruffer’s solution was a formulation of distilled water, ethanol, and aqueous sodium carbonate with an added fixative.
Their amazing pyramids, fi lled with all that an Egyptian ruler might need for the afterlife, and their mummification of bodies to preserve them for life in the next world has permitted a new level of understanding about the health beliefs and medical treatments that were part of the Egyptian culture for almost 3,000 years. , settlements began to sprout along the Nile River in the area that was to become Egypt. The people found a plentiful supply of fish and eventually (ca. ) learned that the regular flooding of the river created fertile soil for farming.
Consisted mostly of magic. Interestingly, the earlier documents reflect a more rational approach to medicine, with magic increasing over time. Preparation for the Afterlife Led to Embalming Preservation of the body was very important to the Egyptians; they had a deep belief in life after death and wanted to be certain that the person would have access to his or her body. ), Egyptians buried their dead in shallow graves in the desert. The hot, dry air proved perfect for drying out the body and created a natural mummification process.