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By Marcel Herbst
The current anthology, edited via Marcel Herbst, is partly in response to a convention, held in 2009, to mirror at the legacy of Ben-David, and incorporates a choice of considerably revised papers, plus 4 contributions particularly written for this quantity. The booklet specializes in 3 significant strains of Ben-David’s examine, specifically “Center and outer edge” (Part I), “Role and Ethos” (Part II), and “Organization and development” (Part III). additionally, finished introductory (“Prologue”) and concluding chapters (“Epilogue”, half IV) by way of Marcel Herbst are supplied. the quantity addresses the next disciplines: greater schooling, background and sociology of technological know-how, philosophy of technology, heritage of drugs, public management, coverage reports, Jewish reports, and economics. The anthology is one in every of new courses on Joseph Ben-David after the certain Minerva version Vol. 25, Numbers 1–2, March 1987, and Gad Freudenthal’s selection of Ben-David’s writings . The textual content can be utilized in graduate reports, it addresses better schooling execs or public officers, and serves as a gateway to researchers within the box of upper schooling, technology reviews, or coverage sciences.
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G. Latzel, and L. Lutz, eds. 1997. Wandel im tertiären Bildungssektor: Zur Position der Schweiz im internationalen Vergleich. Zürich: Verlag der Fachvereine (vdf). Hurley, J. 1997. Organisation and scientific discovery. New York: Wiley. Karabel, J. 2005. The chosen: the hidden history of admission and exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Kitcher, P. 1993. The advancement of science: science without legend, objectivity without illusions. London: Oxford University Press.
32 M. 52 The implication is that US institutions are characterized by higher research productivity53 and by a higher thematic research diversity which is tied to growth (Ben-David) and progress (Kitcher). That is the backdrop of the primary legacy of Ben-David yet to be developed: we need a sociology of science and higher education studies which address the link that ties the morphology of the institutions of science to their performance. A focus on research networks (see Chap. 9) ought to be seen as complementary to, not as a replacement for, such a course.
Herbst sified higher education system with relatively few, but effective, research-oriented universities; the departmental structure and the collegial culture on which research universities are based; the funding of scientists, rather than institutions, for research work (see Chap. 8); the substantial autonomy of institutions or institutional systems; the freedom to recruit and select, and an associated culture to include and serve, students, rather than to screen them out to protect standards; decent faculty-student ratios (and, by implication, also decent faculty-staff ratios); implicit policies guarding against an overpopulation of PhD’s (and an associated lowering of academic standards), including the spread of signaling effects; et cetera.