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Download The Politics of Presidential Appointments: Political Control by David E. Lewis PDF

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By David E. Lewis

In the wake of storm Katrina, many wondered no matter if the big variety of political appointees within the Federal Emergency administration employer contributed to the agency's negative dealing with of the disaster, eventually costing 1000's of lives and inflicting immeasurable ache and agony. The Politics of Presidential Appointments examines extensive how and why presidents use political appointees and the way their offerings impression govt performance--for higher or worse.

a technique presidents can impact the everlasting paperwork is through filling key posts with those who are sympathetic to their coverage ambitions. but when the president's appointees lack competence and an organisation fails in its mission--as with Katrina--the president is accused of using his buddies and allies to the detriment of the general public. via case reports and state of the art research, David Lewis takes a desirable examine presidential appointments courting again to the Sixties to benefit which jobs went to appointees, which organisations have been prone to have appointees, how using appointees assorted by way of management, and the way it affected organisation functionality. He argues that presidents politicize even if it hurts performance--and frequently with aid from Congress--because they wish corporations to be attentive to presidential path. He exhibits how service provider missions and personnel--and whether or not they line up with the president's vision--determine which organisations presidents aim with appointees, and he sheds new gentle at the vital function patronage performs in appointment decisions.

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Extra resources for The Politics of Presidential Appointments: Political Control and Bureaucratic Performance

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89 By virtue of their position, professional backgrounds, experience, and personal beliefs, career employees should and do have opinions about policy, but these opinions affect how presidents and political appointees perceive employee reliability and loyalty. A number of different techniques for politicizing agencies address the perceived lack of responsiveness from career officials. These techniques are often used concurrently with other strategies for gaining control of the bureaucracy, such as budgeting, public statements, and administrative actions.

86 Agencies act to implement policy directives spelled out in statutes, executive decrees, or informal directions from Congress. They are legally bound to implement the laws enacted, and the amount of discretion administrators possess to alter policy is not always clear. Differences of opinion arise about both managers’ power and their responsibilities given this power. This is starkly illustrated in cases where career employees are asked to implement adminis- THE MODERN PERSONNEL SYSTEM 31 trative policies they believe to be of questionable legality.

70 Personnel is policy and White House officials recognize that in order to get control of policy, you need people who are loyal to the president and qualified for the job to which they have been appointed. In practice, evaluations of competence can be colored by ideology and the immediate need to fill literally thousands of jobs. ”71 That said, and importantly, most senior personnel officials define their job as finding the most competent people for senior administration posts. Starting with President Nixon, many presidents have employed professional recruiters to help identify qualified persons for top executive posts.

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