Download The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction by Walter Benjamin PDF
By Walter Benjamin
Title note: unique name Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1936
Benjamin's well-known "Work of Art" essay units out his boldest innovations on media and on tradition often of their so much discovered shape, whereas protecting an facet that will get less than the surface of each person who reads it. during this essay the visible arts of the laptop age morph into literature and concept after which again back to pictures, gestures, and thought.
This booklet comprises simply this essay.
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The Tlalhuica were worried and prayed to many gods to help them, but only one answered their prayers. It was Tepoztecatl, the rabbit god of drunkenness. The Tlalhuicans were not sure what he could possibly do, but Tepoztecatl was tricky. Being a god, he was able to change himself into a human and disguise himself as an old man. The Tlalhuicans sent him to be sacriﬁced, but Tepoztecatl killed the dragon instead. The Tlalhuicans were free of their yearly sacriﬁce. To thank the rabbit god, they built a large temple to honor him.
Kingdoms did not have regular armies. If a war was planned, state ofﬁcials would go from house to house gathering up ablebodied men to ﬁght. Battles would begin on a day picked by priests after consulting their calendars. Scouts would ﬁrst size up the strength of the enemy’s men and forts. Then the army would attack, using their weapons in hand-to-hand combat. After the battle was over, the winning army would take prisoners from the losing side. The men, women, and children could become slaves or even be used as human sacriﬁces.
Logan, IA: Perfection Learning, 2000. Nicholson, Robert. Aztecs. New York: Cooper Square Publishing, 2000. Shuter, Jane. The Aztecs. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2008. West, David Alexander. Mesoamerican Myths. New York: Rosen Publishing, 2005. ] 47 INDEX Ah Puch 15 animals 18 art 43, 44 bat House, the 19 beans 16 beauty 24 cacao beans 36, 37 calendars 21, 26, 27, 31, 32, caves 21 cenote 9 Chichen Itza 14 chocolate 36, 37, 43 codices 32, 33 creation myths 8, 13 daily life 24–33 dancers 5, 31 Day of the Dead 44 death 14 earthquakes 23 El Dorado 21 48 heaven 12, 14 hieroglyphs 24, 33 Huehuecoyotl 17 Huitaca 36 Huitzilopochtli 38, 39, 42 Huixachtlan, Mount 21 Hun Batz 33 Hun Chen 33 Hun Hunuaphu 8, 19, 33 Hunuaphu 8, 19, 23, 33 Itzamna 15 Ixcacao 29, 36, 37 Ixmucane 29 Ixquic 29 jade 35 jaguars 5, 13, 18, 19 Jaguar Warriors 13 Kukulkan 9, 10, 27 Lords of Death, the 8 families 28, 29 farming 7, 16, 28 Feathered Serpent 4, 10, 18 festivals 31, 44 food & drink 16, 17, 18, 30, 43 maize 16 Mesoamerica 6–9 Mitlantecuhtli 15 monkeys 18, 33 mountains 21, 22, 23 music 40 games 31 gods 4, 10 natural disasters 8, 22 natural resoures 21 natural world 16–23 New Fire Ceremony 21 Palenque 12 plants 18 Popol Vuh 10 Quetzalcoatl 6, 10, 17, 25 rabbits 30, 31 religion 10–15 sacrifice 8 scribes 24, 28, 33 society 24 temples 9, 12, 22, 27, 40, 41 Tenochtitlán 34, 38, 42 Teotihucán 41 Tezcatlipoca 35 Tlaloc 7, 11, 17 Tonatiuh 23, 41 trade 34–35 underworld, the 8, 12, 14, 15, 21, 25 volcanoes 8, 20, 22 warfare 35, 38 weaving 29 Xbalanque 8, 19, 23, 33 Ancient peoples created myths to help explain the world around them—creation, death and the underworld, seasons and agriculture, natural disasters, class structure in society, and commerce.