Download UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook. Ultra-High Molecular Weight by Steven M. Kurtz PDF
By Steven M. Kurtz
UHMWPE Biomaterials instruction manual, 3rd Edition, describes the technological know-how, improvement, homes, and alertness of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) utilized in synthetic joints. UHMWPE is now the cloth of selection for joint replacements, and is more and more getting used in fibers for sutures. This publication is a one-stop reference for info in this complex fabric, protecting either introductory themes and the main complicated developments.
The 3rd variation provides six new chapters on quite a number subject matters, together with the newest in anti-oxidant applied sciences for stabilizing HXLPE and updated systematic stories of the scientific literature for HXLPE in hips and knees. The publication chronicles the increase and fall of all-metal hip implants, in addition to the elevated use of ceramic biomaterials and UHMWPE for this software. This e-book additionally brings orthopedic researchers and practitioners modern at the stabilization of UHMWPE with antioxidants, in addition to the alternatives of antioxidant to be had for practitioners.
The booklet additionally completely assesses the scientific functionality of HXLPE, in addition to substitute bearings in knee alternative and UHMWPE articulations with polyether ether ketone (PEEK).
Written and edited by means of the pinnacle specialists within the box of UHMWPE, this is often the single state of the art reference for pros, researchers, and clinicians operating with this fabric.
- The simply whole reference for execs, researchers, and clinicians operating with ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene biomaterials applied sciences for joint alternative and implants
- New variation comprises six new chapters on a variety of subject matters, together with the scientific functionality of hugely crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) in hip and knee alternative, an outline of antioxidant stabilization for UHMWPE, and the scientific functions of UHMWPE fibers
- State-of-the-art insurance of the most recent UHMWPE expertise, orthopedic functions, biomaterial characterization, and engineering features from well-known leaders within the field
Read or Download UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook. Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene in Total Joint Replacement and Medical Devices PDF
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Additional info for UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook. Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene in Total Joint Replacement and Medical Devices
However, as the number of procedures increased, Craven developed a machine in 1962 which could produce a UHMWPE cup in less than 5 minutes. Craven’s machine was sold to Thackray in 1963 after it was decided that the cups would be produced commercially . 8 The first wear tester Craven built the first wear testing rig at Wrightington for Charnley between 1959 and 1960. With little money available to support research, the stainless steel parts of the wear tester were scrounged from the local scrap yard, where the proprietor was accustomed to reserving raw materials for the hospital.
To date, no similar warning has ever been issued by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States or national regulatory bodies in other countries. The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) attempted, but was ultimately not successful, in establishing standards that limit the shelf life of UHMWPE components to 5 years. Because implants are distributed multinationally, packaging for components sold in the United States may stipulate a 5-year shelf life. However, it should be noted that, even today, there is no US standard for shelf life of UHMWPE components after sterilization by gamma radiation, ethylene oxide, or gas plasma.
9 Contemporary packaging for gamma sterilization of Enduron conventional UHMWPE components, used by DePuy Orthopedics (Warsaw, Indiana, USA). , Mundelein, Illinois, USA), which involves low-temperature peracetic acid gas plasma, and Sterrad (Advanced Sterilization Products, Irvine, California, USA), which uses low-temperature hydrogen peroxide gas plasma. Gas plasma sterilization is accomplished at temperatures lower than 50°C [31, 32]. Recent laboratory investigations suggest that low temperature gas plasma does not substantially affect the physical, chemical, or mechanical properties of UHMWPE [17, 25, 30, 33–35].